Many people have crowded or crooked teeth. Orthodontic treatment will straighten the teeth or move them into a better position. This can improve their appearance and the way the teeth bite together, while also making them easier to clean. When the teeth don’t meet correctly, this can put strain on the muscles of the jaw, causing jaw and joint problems and sometimes headaches. Orthodontic treatment can help you to bite more evenly and reduce the strain. Orthodontic treatment can be done by many sorts of appliances, which most people call a ‘brace’.
- Fixed braces (metallic and clear): This has brackets and bands which are temporarily stuck to the teeth. A flexible wire joins all the brackets and allows the teeth to be moved. You can’t take the appliance out yourself, so it is called a fixed appliance.
- Lingual braces (incognito): Lingual braces – also known as “inside” braces – are a teeth straightening treatment that has proven to be popular with adults thanks to the fact that they’re practically invisible. To help keep your treatment concealed, lingual braces are attached to the inside of the teeth rather than the outside, making them invisible when you smile.
- Invisible orthodontics – Invisalign (clear aligners): Invisalign, are one of the most popular options for adults looking to undergo orthodontic treatment. They are transparent pieces of custom-moulded plastic that sit over the teeth and gradually shift them. Often hailed as ‘invisible braces’ because of their subtlety, they are also a removable appliance. While you usually need to wear clear aligners for 20-22 hours a day, you’re able to take them out to eat, drink and clean the aligners.
- Functional appliances: It is sometimes possible to change the way the jaws grow, using a functional brace. This works by using the power of your jaw muscles and can help with certain types of problem.
- Mouthguards: prevention sport injuries, bruxism treatment
- Surgical orthodontics